What is Obesity?
Obesity is a condition where a person has accumulated so much body fat that it might have a negative effect on their health. If a person’s bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese. If your Body Mass Index (BMI) is between 25 and 29.9 you are considered overweight. If your BMI is 30 or over you are considered obese.
What is Body Mass Index (BMI)?
The body mass index (BMI) is a statistical measurement derived from your height and weight. Although it is considered to be a useful way to estimate healthy body weight, it does not measure the percentage of body fat. The BMI measurement can sometimes be misleading – a muscleman may have a high BMI but have much less fat than an unfit person whose BMI is lower. However, in general, the BMI measurement can be a useful indicator for the ‘average person’.
Problems related to overweight: Few problems which comes along with overweight are
High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure is linked to overweight and obesity in several ways. Having a large body size may increase blood pressure because your heart needs to pump harder to supply blood to all your cells.
Heart Disease: People who are overweight or obese often have health problems that may increase the risk for heart disease. These health problems include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugar. In addition, excess weight may cause changes to your heart that make it work harder to send blood to all the cells in your body.
- Stroke: Overweight and obesity are known to increase blood pressure. High blood pressure is the leading cause of strokes. Excess weight also increases your chances of developing other problems linked to strokes, including high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and heart disease.
What is Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery): It includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestine to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
Long-term studies show the procedures cause significant long-term loss of weight, recovery from diabetes, improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, and a reduction in mortality of 23% from 40%
Myths & Facts related to Bariatric surgery:
- Myth : Bariatric Surgery is removal of fat from the body.Fact : Not a single gram of fat is removed or liposuction is done in bariatric surgery. It is based on the principle of restriction of food & less absorption of food.
- Myth : Bariatric Surgery is a cosmetic surgery.Fact : This surgery not only reduces your over weight but also helps in the resolution of your comorbidities like Type II Diabetes Mellitus, High Cholesterol, Snoring, Sleep Apnea, Joint Pain, PCOD & Fatty Liver Disease. So, this is not a cosmetic but a life saving surgery.
- Myth : People who don’t eat much can not gain weight.Fact : Sometime obesity is genetically related or over production of hunger hormones or slow metabolic rate of the body. An obesity prone person even eat less can gain weight for such people bariatric surgery is boon.
- Myth : You can eat very little after surgery.Fact : Bariatric surgery allows to eat food according to your ideal body weight.
- Myth : Weightloss surgery (Bariatric Surgery) is a new surgery.Fact : It is a very old surgery. The first bariatric surgery was done in the year 1966. In India it is being done for more than a decade with figures as high as 15000 cases per year.
This articles are not a substitute for medical advice, and are not intended to treat or cure any disease. Advances in medicine may cause this information to become outdated, invalid, or subject to debate. Professional opinions and interpretations of scientific literature may vary. Consult your healthcare professional before making changes to your diet, exercise, or medication regimen.